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joi, 12 februarie 2009

ALTERNATIVES TO LAYING HENS BREEDING IN PEASANT HOUSEHOLDS

ALTERNATIVES TO LAYING HENS BREEDING

IN PEASANT HOUSEHOL
DS


Leonard Constantin STAFIE


The Professional Association of Poultry Breeders in Iasi County

ABSTRACT

We are two years after Romania joins the European Union and the peasant households is the same. If we refer to populations of birds in these “farms” to discuss effective up to 100 head, low productive birds, lack of application of sanitary veterinary rules, lack of technology and a feeding defect. Under these conditions, and negative economic profitability of these farms is reflected directly in the living standard of “farmers”. As a possible improvement of farm households, especially given that no financial resources for development of large farms, the first step to be done is to make upwards of existing farm with a minimum investment. This study was held in several householdings in Iasi county, in different villages, under financial limitations, but where the peasants were intending to improve and make more profitable the existing laying hens’ breeding system. The researched was relied on some minimum but essential measures: actual birds specialized on a specific production (eggs in our case), minimum number of 300 head, compliance with a minimum of technical operating and maintenance, compliance with minimum health requirements. Following the calculation of estimated investments for a number of 300 laying hens, it results that an egg costs 0.143 lei (under references values). The price of wholesale will be approximately 0.25 lei, which means a net income of 0.107 lei/one egg. The total income achieved in 77 weeks is 8,784.7856 lei. A holding of this type provide an additional income producer. Besides, after applying this study results, one more very important problem is solved: the higher capitalization of forage resources obtained in their own individual farms (eg maize).
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